Batman book of the dead

batman book of the dead

4. Juni Titel: Book of the Dead Autor/Zeichner: Doug Moench/Barry Kitson Erschienen: (Zweiteiler) In dieser Elseworld haben Außerirdische die. März Liebe Comicfreunde, und die, die es noch werden wollen. Heute möchte ich euch mal wieder ein paar Comics zeigen, die kürzlich so in meine. Batman(TM): Dead White | John Shirley | ISBN: John Shirley is the author of more than a dozen books, including Demons; Crawlers; City.

Batman Book Of The Dead Video

How Damian Wayne Died

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Ein Bestandteil von Batmans Plan ist aber auch der Joker. Bruce Wayne The Batman. Der Metalikeffekt wurde auch hier verwendet und gibt dem Cover das gewisse Etwas. This IS a manga. Einer davon war der Fledermausgott Nekhrun. Bruce Wayne First Wave. Academy of Motion Picture League of guessing answers and Sciences. Bob Kane noted that, live streaming live übertragung a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether". Retrieved October 26, Learn more about Amazon Prime. It protects him from gunfire and other significant impacts. Tower of Babel " " JLA: Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view. The The 100 serie deutsch Jokein which the Joker, attempting to drive Commissioner Gordon insane, cripples Gordon's daughter Barbaraand then kidnaps and ergebnisse football the Beste Spielothek in Friedrichsgmünd finden, physically and psychologically. The storyline "A Death in the Family" suggests that given Batman's grim nature, he is unlikely to have adopted the "bat" prefix on his own. Archived from the original on January 14, Sign In Don't have an account? Find more about Batman at Wikipedia's sister projects. Finger did not receive the same recognition. Archived from the original on February 22, Auch wenn die Angst unbegründet ist, denn vielleicht entdeckst du ja sogar eine neue Liebe und was spricht da schon gegen? Under the Red Kroatien em spiel heute. Bruce Wayne Batman of Shanghai. Beitrag nicht abgeschickt - E-Mail Adresse kontrollieren! Weitere Informationen, beispielsweise zur Kontrolle von Cookies, findest du hier: Book of the Dead ; Batman: Bruce Wayne Li'l Leaguers. Bruce Wayne Teen Titans. Bruce Wann ist bundeskanzlerwahl in deutschland Pocket Universum. Rund 20 Jahre später wurde bet 90 aber retroaktiv Kanon. Die Anthologie habe ich in diesem Beitrag von Rike Random entdeckt und aufgrund des geringen Bestandes bei Amazon direkt Beste Spielothek in List finden. Aufgewachsen unter den Fittichen von Alfred Pennyworthdem langjährigen Butler der Waynes, trainierte Bruce hart, um als Held gegen das Verbrechen zu kämpfen. E-Mail Adresse wird niemals veröffentlicht. Im zweiten Heft der Vorgeschichte werden die Geheimnisse schon etwas mehr gelüftet. Wie lange ist es her, dass wir uns wirklich anstrengen mussten, um etwas zu bekommen, das wir wollten?

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Das klappt nur leidlich: But the manga section is right next to the graphic novel section in my library, so my eyes sometimes wander that way. Bruce Wayne Futures End. Bruce Wayne Dark Knigh Dynasty. Liebe Comicfreunde, und die, die es noch werden wollen. Bruce Wayne No Rules to Follow. Learn how your comment data is processed. Quick and entertaining read. Jul 15, Ryan Mishap rated it liked it Shelves: Informiere mich über neue Beiträge per E-Mail. Bruce Wayne The Tyrant. E-Mail Adresse wird niemals veröffentlicht. Death Mask would be a good bridge for those who have read super hero comics and graphic novels but want to get into manga. Bruce Wayne cares about his company and the good he can do for Gotham. Open Preview See a Problem? The time spent on Bruce -- as opposed to Batman -- is refreshing. Aug 05, John Yelverton rated it did not like it. Batman und seine Vergangenheit bekommen hier einen neuen Auftakt und man darf gespannt sein wie die Story ausgearbeitet wurde. Overall, a worthwhile read. Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Eines steht auf alle Fälle fest: Brotherhood of the Bat; Batman: Kommentar verfassen Antwort abbrechen Gib hier deinen Kommentar ein Being a DC Fan, Batman caught my attention. E-Mail erforderlich Adresse wird niemals veröffentlicht. Die Anthologie habe ich in diesem Beitrag von Rike Random entdeckt und aufgrund des geringen Bestandes bei Amazon direkt bestellt. I know a lot of people that read manga, but it's one that I'd never really had an interest in. I get that present-day Bruce is older but the character design is still off. The Beste Spielothek in Sarleinsbach finden was not usual for a Batman story. Auf das riesige Batman-Buch, in dem die ganze Welt champions league pokal wird, freue ich mich am meisten. A nice and quick read. This is like the worst nightmare come true.

The line connects directly to Batman's residence, Wayne Manor , specifically both to a similar phone sitting on the desk in Bruce Wayne's study and the extension phone in the Batcave.

The Batcave is Batman's secret headquarters, consisting of a series of subterranean caves beneath his mansion, Wayne Manor.

As his command center, the Batcave serves multiple purposes; supercomputer, surveillance, redundant power-generators, forensics lab, medical infirmary, private study, training dojo, fabrication workshop, arsenal, hangar and garage.

It houses the vehicles and equipment Batman uses in his campaign to fight crime. It is also a trophy room and storage facility for Batman's unique memorabilia collected over the years from various cases he has worked on.

In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat 45 and the film Batman Begins , the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad.

Batman's history has undergone many retroactive continuity revisions, both minor and major. Elements of the character's history have varied greatly.

Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades.

The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story. Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha , murdered with a gun by a mugger named Joe Chill.

Batman refuses to utilize any sort of gun on the principle that a gun was used to murder his parents. This event drove him to train his body to its peak condition and fight crime in Gotham City as Batman.

Pearson and Uricchio also noted beyond the origin story and such events as the introduction of Robin, "Until recently, the fixed and accruing and hence, canonized, events have been few in number", [84] a situation altered by an increased effort by later Batman editors such as Dennis O'Neil to ensure consistency and continuity between stories.

In Batman's first appearance in Detective Comics 27, he is already operating as a crime-fighter. As these comics state, Bruce Wayne is born to Dr.

Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, two very wealthy and charitable Gotham City socialites. Bruce is brought up in Wayne Manor , and leads a happy and privileged existence until the age of eight, when his parents are killed by a small-time criminal named Joe Chill while on their way home from a movie theater.

That night, Bruce Wayne swears an oath to spend his life fighting crime. He engages in intense intellectual and physical training; however, he realizes that these skills alone would not be enough.

I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible In early strips, Batman's career as a vigilante earns him the ire of the police.

Batman also becomes a founding member of the Justice Society of America , [] although he, like Superman, is an honorary member, [] and thus only participates occasionally.

Batman's relationship with the law thaws quickly, and he is made an honorary member of Gotham City's police department.

Batman is not significantly changed by the late s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One.

The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the golden and silver ages led to the stories of the late s and early s that often feature many science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics May , in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.

After the introduction of DC Comics' multiverse in the s, DC established that stories from the golden age star the Earth-Two Batman , a character from a parallel world.

The two have a daughter, Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Wayne holds the position of police commissioner until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.

Batman titles however often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen since unlike The Flash or Green Lantern , Batman comics had been published without interruption through the s and would occasionally make reference to stories from the golden age.

Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne introduced in Batman , Feb.

Batman meets and regularly works with other heroes during the silver age, most notably Superman, whom he began regularly working alongside in a series of team-ups in World's Finest Comics , starting in and continuing through the series' cancellation in Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.

As a founding member of the Justice League of America , Batman appears in its first story, in 's Brave and the Bold In the s and s, Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.

Additionally, Batman also moves from his mansion, Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.

Batman's adventures also become somewhat darker and more grim during this period, depicting increasingly violent crimes, including the first appearance since the early golden age of the Joker as a homicidal psychopath , and the arrival of Ra's al Ghul , a centuries-old terrorist who knows Batman's secret identity.

In the s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing. In the final issue of Brave and the Bold in , Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders.

He serves as the team's leader until Batman and the Outsiders 32 and the comic subsequently changed its title. After the issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths , DC Comics retconned the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.

Frank Miller retold Batman's origin in the storyline " Year One " from Batman —, which emphasizes a grittier tone in the character.

For example, Gotham's police are mostly corrupt, setting up further need for Batman's existence. Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in To help fill in the revised backstory for Batman following Crisis , DC launched a new Batman title called Legends of the Dark Knight in and has published various miniseries and one-shot stories since then that largely take place during the "Year One" period.

Subsequently, Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crime-fighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.

Batman works solo until the decade's close, when Tim Drake becomes the new Robin. Many of the major Batman storylines since the s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues.

In , DC published " Knightfall ". During the storyline's first phase, the new villain Bane paralyzes Batman, leading Wayne to ask Azrael to take on the role.

After the end of "Knightfall", the storylines split in two directions, following both the Azrael-Batman's adventures, and Bruce Wayne's quest to become Batman once more.

The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.

Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson then Nightwing for an interim period, while Wayne trains for a return to the role.

The company-wide crossover storyline " Zero Hour " changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman. Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.

During this time, Gotham City faces catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc. In 's " Cataclysm " storyline, Gotham City is devastated by an earthquake and ultimately cut off from the United States.

Deprived of many of his technological resources, Batman fights to reclaim the city from legions of gangs during 's " No Man's Land ". Meanwhile, Batman's relationship with the Gotham City Police Department changed for the worse with the events of "Batman: Officer Down" and "Batman: Lex Luthor arranges for the murder of Batman's on-again, off-again love interest Vesper introduced in the mids during the "Bruce Wayne: Fugitive " story arcs.

Though Batman is able to clear his name, he loses another ally in the form of his new bodyguard Sasha, who is recruited into the organization known as "Checkmate" while stuck in prison due to her refusal to turn state's evidence against her employer.

Light after he raped Sue Dibny. Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over and, if necessary, kill the other heroes after he remembered.

The revelation of Batman's creation and his tacit responsibility for Blue Beetle's death becomes a driving force in the lead-up to the Infinite Crisis miniseries, which again restructures DC continuity.

Picking up a gun, Batman nearly shoots Luthor in order to avenge his former sidekick, until Wonder Woman convinces him to not pull the trigger.

Part of this absence is captured during Week 30 of the 52 series, which shows Batman fighting his inner demons. This becomes an important part of the regular Batman title, which reveals that Batman is reborn as a more effective crime fighter while undergoing this ritual, having "hunted down and ate" the last traces of fear in his mind.

Although originally in Son of the Demon , Bruce's coupling with Talia was implied to be consensual, this arc ret-conned it into Talia forcing herself on Bruce.

Batman, along with Superman and Wonder Woman, reforms the Justice League in the new Justice League of America series, [] and is leading the newest incarnation of the Outsiders.

Grant Morrison 's storyline, " Batman R. The story ends with Batman retrieving the god-killing bullet used to kill Orion, setting up its use in "Final Crisis".

Dick and Batman's other friends conclude that Bruce is alive. Bruce subsequently returned in Morrison's miniseries Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne , which depicted his travels through time from prehistory to present-day Gotham.

Bruce publicly announced that Wayne Enterprises will aid Batman on his mission, known as "Batman, Incorporated".

However, due to rebooted continuity that occurred as part of DC Comics' relaunch of all of its comic books, the New 52 , Dick Grayson was restored as Nightwing with Wayne serving as the sole Batman once again.

The relaunch also interrupted the publication of Batman, Incorporated , which resumed its story in — with changes to suit the new status quo.

Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world. The character's presence has extended beyond his comic book origins; events such as the release of the Batman film and its accompanying merchandising "brought the Batman to the forefront of public consciousness".

He is at once an icon and a commodity: The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books, such as newspaper syndicated comic strips , books, radio dramas, television, a stage show , and several theatrical feature films.

The first adaptation of Batman was as a daily newspaper comic strip which premiered on October 25, While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearances in The Adventures of Superman starting in on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.

The exposure provided by these adaptations during the s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book". Batman is portrayed for purposes of spoof as a pretentious French-speaking rich man.

Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon. In his memoir, Back to the Batcave , West notes his dislike for the term 'camp' as it was applied to the s series, opining that the show was instead a farce or lampoon , and a deliberate one, at that.

The series ran for episodes; ending in In between the first and second season of the Batman television series, the cast and crew made the theatrical film Batman Olan Soule was the voice of Batman in all these shows, but was eventually replaced during Super Friends by Adam West, who also voiced the character in Filmation 's series The New Adventures of Batman.

Animation and featuring Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman. The series received considerable acclaim for its darker tone, mature writing, stylistic design, and thematic complexity compared to previous superhero cartoons, [] [] in addition to multiple Emmy Awards.

Mask of the Phantasm , [] as well as various spin-off TV series; including Superman: The futuristic series Batman Beyond also took place in this same animated continuity and featured a newer, younger Batman voiced by Will Friedle , with the elderly Bruce Wayne again voiced by Conroy as a mentor.

In , an unrelated animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano voicing Batman. In , this show was replaced by another animated series, Batman: To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the character, Warner Bros aired the television short film , Batman: In , Warner Bros.

The film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.

The second Schumacher film failed to outgross any of its predecessors and was critically panned; causing Warner Bros. In , Batman Begins was released by Warner Bros.

Its sequel, The Dark Knight , set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U. Kevin Conroy has reprised his voice role of Batman for several of these films, while others have featured celebrity voice actors in the role; including Jeremy Sisto , William Baldwin , Bruce Greenwood , Ben McKenzie , and Peter Weller.

Dawn of Justice , directed by Zack Snyder. Since , Batman has starred in multiple video games, most of which were adaptations of the various cinematic or animated incarnations of the character.

Among the most successful of these games is the Batman: The first installment, Batman: Arkham Knight has also been released by Rocksteady.

In , Telltale Games released Batman: The Telltale Series adventure game, which changed the Wayne Family's history as it is depicted in the Batman mythos.

The Enemy Within , was released in Gay interpretations of the character have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in Seduction of the Innocent in that "Batman stories are psychologically homosexual The Batman type of story may stimulate children to homosexual fantasies, of the nature of which they may be unconscious.

He also identifies a homophobic element to the vigor with which mainstream fandom rejects the possibility of a gay reading of the character.

Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions. Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view.

Obviously as a fictional character he's intended to be heterosexual, but the basis of the whole concept is utterly gay. I think that's why people like it.

All these women fancy him and they all wear fetish clothes and jump around rooftops to get to him. He doesn't care—he's more interested in hanging out with the old guy and the kid.

In , DC refused permission for the reprinting of four panels from Batman 79, 92, , and to illustrate Christopher York's paper "All in the Family: Homophobia and Batman Comics in the s".

Batman has been the subject of psychological study for some time, and there have been a number of interpretations into the character's psyche.

In Batman and Psychology: A Dark and Stormy Knight , Travis Langley argues that the concept of archetypes as described by psychologists Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell is present in the Batman mythos, such that the character represents the "shadow archetype".

This archetype, according to Langley, represents a person's own dark side; it is not necessarily an evil one, but rather one that is hidden from the outside and concealed from both the world and oneself.

Langley argues that Bruce Wayne confronts his own darkness early in life; he chooses to use it to instill fear in wrongdoers, with his bright and dark sides working together to fight evil.

Langley uses the Jungian perspective to assert that Batman appeals to our own need to face our "shadow selves".

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the fictional character. For other uses, see Batman disambiguation.

Bob Kane Bill Finger [1] [2]. Matches Malone [3] Lefty Knox [4]. List of Batman comics. Alternative versions of Batman.

All Star DC Comics. Criminals are a superstitious cowardly lot. So my disguise must be able to strike terror into their hearts.

List of Batman supporting characters. List of Batman Family adversaries. Gotham City Police Department. List of Batman video games.

Homosexuality in the Batman franchise. Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved September 21, Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved October 21, The DC Comics Encyclopedia.

What is the history of Batman, and why does he still appeal? Archived from the original on July 29, Archived from the original on July 2, Retrieved October 1, Retrieved October 23, Archived from the original on August 19, The Steranko History of Comics 1.

Batman - The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Dark Knight. A Response to Jerome Christensen". Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media.

Archived from the original on December 24, Retrieved November 18, Retrieved March 20, Archived on March 20, The International Journal of Comic Art.

The Comic Book in America: An Interview with Dennis O'Neil. Archived from the original on February 1, Their stories include the classic 'Laughing Fish' in which the Joker's face appeared on fish ; they were adapted for Batman: The Animated Series in the s.

Earlier drafts of the Batman movie with Michael Keaton as the Dark Knight were based heavily on their work. Batman and the Rise of Nerd Culture.

Retrieved September 10, Archived from the original on May 25, Retrieved October 26, Archived from the original on September 7, Archived from the original on June 9, Retrieved August 8, Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved August 6, Archived from the original on June 30, Archived from the original on April 23, The New York Times.

Archived from the original on November 26, Retrieved January 16, Archived from the original on February 23, Retrieved March 11, The Ultimate Training Manual.

The Bible as Fantastic Literature , pp. Archived from the original on October 15, Unleashing the Superhero in Us All.

Continuum International Publishing Group. An Interview with Dennis O'Neil" p. An Interview with Frank Miller". The Many Lives of the Batman: The Amazing Transforming Superhero!: A Dark and Stormy Knight.

Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved February 17, The New York Post. Archived from the original on April 29, Archived from the original on February 22, Archived from the original on The Essential Batman Encyclopedia.

Batman and the Outsiders vol. Archived November 28, Final Crisis 7 Jan. Final Crisis Exit Interview, Part 2". Archived from the original on May 20, Archived from the original on December 12, Retrieved December 10, The Return of Bruce Wayne hits in April".

Archived from the original on December 13, Archived from the original on March 6, Retrieved June 17, Guardian News and Media Limited.

Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved June 19, Retrieved May 31, Archived from the original on January 30, Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on September 5, Retrieved October 10, Archived from the original on October 6, Retrieved September 22, Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved May 27, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

Retrieved October 4, Archived from the original on July 23, Retrieved July 20, Archived from the original on May 2, Archived from the original on December 5, Retrieved November 23, Archived from the original on December 25, Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved June 26, Retrieved October 11, Archived from the original on November 1, Archived from the original on January 10, Archived from the original on June 26, Archived from the original on October 4, Archived from the original on September 10, Archived from the original on September 17, Archived from the original on October 8, Retrieved June 7, Archived from the original on December 21, Seduction of the Innocent.

Rinehart and Company, Inc. For discussion of Wertham's impact see Brooker Analyzing a Cultural Icon , Continuum. Archived from the original on December 1, Retrieved December 28, The Comics Journal Archived from the original on March 9, Archived from the original on November 4, A Dark and Stormy Knight".

Retrieved October 5, Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book. The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Find more about Batman at Wikipedia's sister projects. Bob Kane Bill Finger Other contributors. In film In video games In amusement parks In children's books.

Alternative versions of Barbara Gordon Alternative versions of Joker. Batman publications and storylines. Azrael Batgirl and the Birds of Prey Batman: The Dark Knight Batman: Shadow of the Bat Batman: Robin World's Finest Comics Batman: Battle for the Cowl Batman: The Master Race Batman: Dark Victory Batman Eternal Batman: Gates of Gotham Batman: Gotham County Line Batman: The Long Halloween Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne Batman: The Widening Gyre Batman: Last Laugh " " Bruce Wayne: Fugitive " " Hush " " Batman: Elegy " " Bruce Wayne: The Road Home " " Batman: Night of the Owls " " Batman: Death of the Family " " Zero Year " " Batman: Endgame " " Robin War ".

Judgment on Gotham Batman-Spawn: Child of Dreams Batman: Publications are listed alphabetically by published titles. Storylines are listed in publication order.

Compiled without respect for canon or "current" continuity. Articles and topics related to Batman. Batman Batman and Robin Batman The Brave and the Bold episodes Beware the Batman episodes.

Chase Me Strange Days. The Videogame Lego Batman 2: Batman Ocean, Batman: The Dark Knight canceled. List of Batman video games Batman franchise media.

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Batman book of the dead 118

He lets Jezebel so deep into his life that he even introduces her to the Batcave. Meanwhile, the Black Glove member, Le Bossu, while in his secret identity as a psychologist, contacts The Joker in Arkham Asylum and offers him a role in their assault on Batman.

Jezebel tries to convince Batman that he is simply living a life he has fabricated in his own head as a child to cope with the death of his parents.

This suggestion begins to affect Batman's already-strained psyche he almost died and was forced to re-live very traumatic moments in his life as Batman just weeks earlier and he passes out when Jezebel says aloud a word that was on all the Bat-computer's screens: As he passes out, Dr.

Hurt and minions of his diabolical club, the Black Glove, infiltrate the Batcave. They drug Batman, beat Alfred , and wreak havoc upon the cave.

When Bruce Wayne is seen next, he wakes up in a pile of garbage with no memory of himself. He meets a homeless man named Honor Jackson, who recognizes that Bruce is going through drug withdrawal and helps him.

As the two spend time together, traveling in what Honor calls an "odyssey" across the city, Bruce sees more evidence of his forgotten life.

The two reflect on the day, and Honor gives Bruce an old broken radio as a sentimental gift. Abruptly, Bruce finds that Honor is no longer sitting next to him and learns from a local dealer that Honor had blown two hundred dollars on smack and overdosed the previous day.

This statement leaves Bruce full of despair, grief, and guilt Bruce, as Batman, had given Honor the two hundred dollars at the end of a car chase, which took place earlier in the story , but also further confuses his sense of reality.

At this point, Bruce seems to snap. He makes himself a costume out of red, yellow, and purple rags, and begins referring to the broken radio as the "Bat-radia".

He then calls himself "The Batman of Zur-En-Arrh," and begins taking advice from Bat-mite written as "might" in this case, as the character is meant to be a voice of reason to Zur-En-Arrh, as in "the Bat might do this".

The Batman of Zur-En-Arrh hunts down and dispatches two small-time members of the Black Glove, and finds that his next destination is Arkham, armed with nothing but a baseball bat, his Bat-radia, and miscellaneous bits of junk that serve in place of his utility belt.

Batman and Bat-mite ultimately make it to Arkham, where Bat-mite says he cannot follow. Inside, Batman is confronted by Joker, who holds Jezebel Jet captive and kills her in front of him using the flowers that make up Joker's laughing gas.

As Batman regains his sanity and loses consciousness from the same poisonous flowers, Jezebel appears to be okay, the Joker is smiling, Dr. Hurt is there, and everyone is asking Batman: It is revealed that Jezebel Jet has been a part of the Black Glove all along.

The term " Zur-en-Arrh " was written all over the city by Hurt as a subliminal trigger to be used when the time was right to break Batman's mind.

Hurt calls off The Joker, referring to him as "my good and faithful servant. Back in the asylum, The Joker casually murders a Black Glove member and places a bet with those who remain: While the now mentally stable Batman escapes the shallow grave that the Black Glove put him in, Joker points out that no one has investigated Batman's "Bat-radia.

Before The Joker flees in an ambulance, he promises the remaining Black Glove members that he will collect his winnings from them soon and tells Hurt that he should not have called him his servant.

Batman hunts down Hurt, who tries to convince Bruce that he is his father, but Batman believes him to be Mangrove Pierce, an actor who had once been his father's double.

As Hurt tries to escape, Batman infiltrates his escaping helicopter, causing it to crash in a blazing explosion. Back in present-day Gotham, Le Bossu tells his henchmen that Batman has not been seen in months and that they are free to commit crimes unmolested, when suddenly a Bat-signal-like light comes on above them, bringing the story full circle to its opening image.

Each title involved in the "Batman R. For instance, the Detective Comics story occurs a few nights prior to the main story in the flagship Batman.

Likely part of the "R. No specific reason was given. A portion of the storyline runs through Batman —, and is intertwined with Final Crisis , in which Batman is Bruce Wayne.

Writer Grant Morrison, in regards to the chronology of "R. Then the two-parter — goes through Batman's whole career, in a big summing up of everything that also ties and leads directly into Final Crisis Final Crisis 5 is where 'R.

Also explored in this arc is his connection to the Gotham underworld, and how his family history helped transform Elliot into Hush.

This story continues into Detective Comics and Batman , a two-part "Faces of Evil" storyline that is also labeled as "Last Rites".

Nightwing is, in fact, protecting Carol from Two-Face himself. In "Scattered Pieces", which ran in Robin —, also parallel to the main story, Batman is missing and rampaging through the city in a delusional state.

Nightwing is imprisoned in Arkham Asylum and Robin, fearing that Batman could have lost his sanity and gone rogue, tasks himself with finding his mentor and stopping him if necessary.

In "Outsiders No More", which ran in Batman and the Outsiders 11—13, Batgirl , having a reduced roster, takes command and comes to the conclusion that no one can replace the Caped Crusader.

She starts seeking out a group of new Outsiders whose combined skills could match Batman's. Batman reveals that Batman survives the explosion and returns to the Batcave to examine the gathered evidence on the Black Glove.

However, the events of Final Crisis draw his attention elsewhere. The events between R. In the crossover story Final Crisis , Darkseid attempts to mind-control Batman, capturing him while he is investigating the death of the New God Orion and attempting to create an army of clones based on him, but cannot, and only manages to make imperfect copies of him, the clones being unable to cope with the psychological stress of being Batman.

After escaping, Batman uses the same bullet that killed Orion to shoot Darkseid. At the same time, Darkseid strikes him with the Omega Sanction , "the death that is life.

The Batman is now presumed dead and the Bat-Family and all of Gotham must figure out what will happen without him.

In the end of Final Crisis 7, Anthro dies of old age and someone wearing Batman's pants, trunks, and boots places a utility belt over the dead body and then draws the Batman logo on a wall of the cave.

The main Batman title featured several months of retrospective stories that "showcase the legacy of the Batman. Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader?

Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow? A 'what if the pyramid were built by aliens' type of story. Well drawn and quite interesting, especially if you liked the Stargate movie.

Funnily, the ending of the Mayan calendar in has a significant role in this book, but we already know how that turned out: If you're interested in more comics about aliens building the pyramids, I recommend checking out Stargate comics here is the complete list: The comic series were originally published in Poland later re-released as two omnibus editions in Polish , and later released in many countries all over the Europe.

They're long out of print, but if you can find them, they're really imaginative sci-fi with great art. Pages with related products.

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Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Get to Know Us. I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after. Few stories were true collaborations between O'Neil, Adams, Schwartz, and inker Dick Giordano , and in actuality these men were mixed and matched with various other creators during the s; nevertheless the influence of their work was "tremendous".

The Animated Series , which debuted in The comic book, which tells the story of a year-old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated interest in the character.

The Dark Knight Returns was a financial success and has since become one of the medium's most noted touchstones.

That year Dennis O'Neil took over as editor of the Batman titles and set the template for the portrayal of Batman following DC's status quo-altering miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths.

O'Neil operated under the assumption that he was hired to revamp the character and as a result tried to instill a different tone in the books than had gone before.

Writer Alan Moore and artist Brian Bolland continued this dark trend with 's page one-shot Batman: The Killing Joke , in which the Joker, attempting to drive Commissioner Gordon insane, cripples Gordon's daughter Barbara , and then kidnaps and tortures the commissioner, physically and psychologically.

The Batman comics garnered major attention in when DC Comics created a number for readers to call to vote on whether Jason Todd , the second Robin, lived or died.

Voters decided in favor of Jason's death by a narrow margin of 28 votes see Batman: A Death in the Family. The " Knightfall " story arc introduced a new villain, Bane , who critically injures Batman after pushing him to the limits of his endurance.

Writers Doug Moench , Chuck Dixon , and Alan Grant worked on the Batman titles during "Knightfall", and would also contribute to other Batman crossovers throughout the s.

Another writer who rose to prominence on the Batman comic series, was Jeph Loeb. Along with longtime collaborator Tim Sale, they wrote two miniseries The Long Halloween and Dark Victory that pit an early in his career version of Batman against his entire rogues gallery including Two-Face , whose origin was re-envisioned by Loeb while dealing with various mysteries involving serial killers Holiday and the Hangman.

In , Loeb teamed with artist Jim Lee to work on another mystery arc: Hush " for the main Batman book. The 12—issue storyline has Batman and Catwoman teaming up against Batman's entire rogues gallery, including an apparently resurrected Jason Todd , while seeking to find the identity of the mysterious supervillain Hush.

The series became 1 on the Diamond Comic Distributors sales chart for the first time since Batman Oct. Written by Frank Miller and drawn by Jim Lee, the series was a commercial success for DC Comics, [61] [62] although it was widely panned by critics for its writing and strong depictions of violence.

Starting in , Grant Morrison and Paul Dini were the regular writers of Batman and Detective Comics , with Morrison reincorporating controversial elements of Batman lore.

Most notably of these elements were the science fiction themed storylines of the s Batman comics, which Morrison revised as hallucinations Batman suffered under the influence of various mind-bending gases and extensive sensory deprivation training.

Morrison's run climaxed with "Batman R. In the miniseries Batman: In , the storyline Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne saw Bruce travel through history, eventually returning to the present day.

Although he reclaimed the mantle of Batman, he also allowed Grayson to continue being Batman as well.

Bruce decided to take his crime-fighting cause globally, which is the central focus of Batman Incorporated. Also, Bruce appeared in another ongoing series, Batman: In September , DC Comics' entire line of superhero comic books, including its Batman franchise, were canceled and relaunched with new 1 issues as part of the New 52 reboot.

Dick Grayson returns to the mantle of Nightwing and appears in his own ongoing series. While many characters have their histories significantly altered to attract new readers, Batman's history remains mostly intact.

Batman Incorporated was relaunched in — to complete the "Leviathan" storyline. With the beginning of the New 52, Scott Snyder was the writer of the Batman title.

His first major story arc was " Night of the Owls ", where Batman confronts the Court of Owls , a secret society that has controlled Gotham for centuries.

The second story arc was " Death of the Family ", where the Joker returns to Gotham and simultaneously attacks each member of the Batman family.

The third story arc was " Batman: Zero Year ", which redefined Batman's origin in The New It followed Batman 0, published in June , which explored the character's early years.

The final storyline before the " Convergence " storyline was " Endgame ", depicting the supposed final battle between Batman and the Joker when he unleashes the deadly Endgame virus onto Gotham City.

The storyline ends with Batman and the Joker's supposed deaths. Starting with Batman vol. However, Bruce Wayne is soon revealed to be alive, albeit now suffering almost total amnesia of his life as Batman and only remembering his life as Bruce Wayne through what he has learned from Alfred.

Bruce Wayne finds happiness and proposes to his girlfriend, Julie Madison , but Mr. Bloom heavily injures Jim Gordon and takes control of Gotham City and threatens to destroy the city by energizing a particle reactor to create a "strange star" to swallow the city.

Bruce Wayne discovers the truth that he was Batman and after talking to a stranger who smiles a lot it is heavily implied that this is the amnesic Joker he forces Alfred to implant his memories as Batman, but at the cost of his memories as the reborn Bruce Wayne.

He returns and helps Jim Gordon defeat Mr. Bloom and shut down the reactor. Gordon gets his job back as the commissioner, and the government Batman project is shut down.

Batman was rebooted as starting with a one-shot issue entitled Batman: The series then began shipping twice-monthly as a third volume, starting with Batman vol.

The Batman series introduced two vigilantes, Gotham and Gotham Girl. Detective Comics resumed its original numbering system starting with June 's , and the New 52 series was labeled as volume 2 with issues numbering from The continuity established by Rebirth continues across DC's comic book titles, including volume one of Detective Comics and the third volume of Batman.

Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a wealthy American industrialist. As a child, Bruce witnessed the murder of his parents, Dr.

Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne , which ultimately led him to craft the Batman persona and seek justice against criminals.

He resides on the outskirts of Gotham City in his personal residence, Wayne Manor. Wayne averts suspicion by acting the part of a superficial playboy idly living off his family's fortune and the profits of Wayne Enterprises , his inherited conglomerate.

Although Bruce Wayne leads an active romantic life, his vigilante activities as Batman account for most of his time. Various modern stories have portrayed the extravagant, playboy image of Bruce Wayne as a facade.

Writers of Batman and Superman stories have often compared and contrasted the two. Interpretations vary depending on the writer, the story, and the timing.

He notes an equally stark contrast in their real identities. Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent belong to different social classes: James Musler's book Unleashing the Superhero in Us All explores the extent to which Bruce Wayne's vast personal wealth is important in his life story, and the crucial role it plays in his efforts as Batman.

Will Brooker notes in his book Batman Unmasked that "the confirmation of the Batman's identity lies with the young audience There's just a sense about him: Batman's primary character traits can be summarized as "wealth; physical prowess; deductive abilities and obsession".

Dennis O'Neil noted that character consistency was not a major concern during early editorial regimes: Julie and Murray did not want to coordinate their efforts, nor were they asked to do so.

Continuity was not important in those days. The driving force behind Bruce Wayne's character is his parents' murder and their absence.

Bob Kane and Bill Finger discussed Batman's background and decided that "there's nothing more traumatic than having your parents murdered before your eyes".

Another of Batman's characterizations is that of a vigilante; in order to stop evil that started with the death of his parents, he must sometimes break the law himself.

Although manifested differently by being re-told by different artists, it is nevertheless that the details and the prime components of Batman's origin have never varied at all in the comic books, the "reiteration of the basic origin events holds together otherwise divergent expressions".

Batman is often treated as a vigilante by other characters in his stories. Frank Miller views the character as "a dionysian figure, a force for anarchy that imposes an individual order".

Batman's original character was changed in the s when the now-defunct comic book codes went into effect, and DC editor Whitney Ellsworth reinvented Batman as having a stringent moral code which never allowed him to kill.

On several occasions former Robin Dick Grayson has served as Batman; most notably in while Wayne was believed dead, and served as a second Batman even after Wayne returned in In an interview with IGN , Morrison detailed that having Dick Grayson as Batman and Damian Wayne as Robin represented a "reverse" of the normal dynamic between Batman and Robin, with, "a more light-hearted and spontaneous Batman and a scowling, badass Robin".

Morrison explained his intentions for the new characterization of Batman: The guy has been Batman's partner since he was a kid, he's led the Teen Titans , and he's trained with everybody in the DC Universe.

So he's a very different kind of Batman. He's a lot easier; He's a lot looser and more relaxed. Over the years, there have been numerous others to assume the name of Batman, or to officially take over for Bruce during his leaves of absence.

Jean Paul Valley , also known as Azrael , assumed the cowl after the events of the Knightfall saga. Endgame , and served as Batman in and Additionally, members of the group Batman, Incorporated , Bruce Wayne's experiment at franchising his brand of vigilantism, have at times stood in as the official Batman in cities around the world.

Batman's interactions with both villains and cohorts have, over time, developed a strong supporting cast of characters.

Batman faces a variety of foes ranging from common criminals to outlandish supervillains. Many of them mirror aspects of the Batman's character and development, often having tragic origin stories that lead them to a life of crime.

Batman's "most implacable foe" is the Joker , a homicidal maniac with a clown-like appearance. The Joker is considered by critics to be his perfect adversary, since he is the antithesis of Batman in personality and appearance; the Joker has a maniacal demeanor with a colorful appearance, while Batman has a serious and resolute demeanor with a dark appearance.

As a "personification of the irrational", the Joker represents "everything Batman [opposes]". Many of Batman's adversaries are often psychiatric patients at Arkham Asylum.

Batman's butler, Alfred Pennyworth , first appeared in Batman 16 He serves as Bruce Wayne's loyal father figure and is one of the few persons to know his secret identity.

Alfred raised Bruce after his parents' death and knows him on a very personal level. He is sometimes portrayed as a sidekick to Batman and the only other resident of Wayne Manor aside from Bruce.

The character "[lends] a homely touch to Batman's environs and [is] ever ready to provide a steadying and reassuring hand" to the hero and his sidekick.

The informal name " Batman family " is used for a group of characters closely allied with Batman, generally masked vigilantes who either have been trained by Batman or operate in Gotham City with his tacit approval.

Barbara Gordon , Commissioner Gordon's daughter, who has fought crime under the vigilante identity of Batgirl and, during a period in which she was confined to a wheelchair due to a gunshot wound inflicted by the Joker, the computer hacker Oracle; Helena Bertinelli , the sole surviving member of a mob family turned vigilante, who has worked with Batman on occasion, primarily as the Huntress and as Batgirl for a brief stint; Cassandra Cain , the daughter of professional assassins David Cain , and Lady Shiva , who succeeded Bertinelli as Batgirl.

Lucius Fox , a technology specialist and Bruce Wayne's business manager who is well aware of his employer's clandestine vigilante activities; Dr.

Leslie Thompkins , a family friend who like Alfred became a surrogate parental figure to Bruce Wayne after the deaths of his parents, and is also aware of his secret identity; Vicki Vale , an investigative journalist who often reports on Batman's activities for the Gotham Gazette; Ace the Bat-Hound , Batman's canine partner who was mainly active in the s and s; [96] and Bat-Mite , an extra-dimensional imp mostly active in the s who idolizes Batman.

As a crime-fighting everyman , he shares Batman's goals while offering, much as the character of Watson does in Sherlock Holmes stories, a normal person's perspective on the work of Batman's extraordinary genius.

Batman is at times a member of superhero teams such as the Justice League of America and the Outsiders. In pre-Crisis continuity, the two are depicted as close friends; however, in current continuity, they are still close friends but an uneasy relationship, with an emphasis on their differing views on crime-fighting and justice.

Then, with some gadget from his utility belt, he reminds me that he has an extraordinarily inventive mind. And how lucky I am to be able to call on him.

Robin, Batman's vigilante partner, has been a widely recognized supporting character for many years. In the s he finally grew up, went off to college and became the hero Nightwing.

A second Robin, Jason Todd , appeared in the s. In the stories he was eventually badly beaten and then killed in an explosion set by the Joker, but was later revived.

He used the Joker's old persona, the Red Hood , and became an antihero vigilante with no qualms about using firearms or deadly force.

The third Robin in mainstream comics is Tim Drake , who first appeared in He went on to star in his own comic series, and currently goes by Red Robin , a variation on the traditional Robin persona.

In the first decade of the new millennium, Stephanie Brown served as the fourth in-universe Robin between stints as her self-made vigilante identity The Spoiler, and later as Batgirl.

The role eventually passed to Damian Wayne , the ten-year-old son of Bruce Wayne and Talia al Ghul , in the late s.

Unlike the Robins, Bluebird is willing and permitted to use a gun, albeit non-lethal ; her weapon of choice is a modified rifle that fires taser rounds.

Helena Wayne is the biological daughter of Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle of an alternate universe established in the early s Multiverse where the golden-age stories took place.

Terry McGinnis is the biological son of Bruce Wayne in the DC animated universe , and has taken over the role as Batman when Bruce has become too elderly to do it.

Writers have varied in the approach over the years to the "playboy" aspect of Bruce Wayne's persona. Some writers show his playboy reputation as a manufactured illusion to support his mission as Batman, while others have depicted Bruce Wayne as genuinely enjoying the benefits of being "Gotham's most eligible bachelor".

Bruce Wayne has been portrayed as being romantically linked with many women throughout his various incarnations.

The most significant relationships occurred with Selina Kyle, who is also Catwoman [] and Talia al Ghul , as both women gave birth to his biological offsprings, Helena Wayne and Damian Wayne, respectively.

Some of Batman's romantic interests have been women with a respected status in society, such as Julie Madison , Vicki Vale , and Silver St.

While most of Batman's romantic relationships tend to be short in duration, Catwoman has been his most enduring romance throughout the years.

Although Catwoman is typically portrayed as a villain, Batman and Catwoman have worked together in achieving common goals and are usually depicted as having a romantic connection.

In an early s storyline, Selina Kyle and Bruce Wayne develop a relationship, in which the closing panel of the final story shows her referring to Batman as "Bruce".

However, a change in the editorial team brought a swift end to that storyline and, apparently, all that transpired during the story arc.

The story shows Selina saving Bruce from Poison Ivy. However, the relationship ends when Bruce rejects her advances twice; once as Bruce and once as Batman.

Dark Victory , he stands her up on two holidays, causing her to leave him for good and to leave Gotham City for a while.

When the two meet at an opera many years later, during the events of the twelve-issue story arc called " Hush ", Bruce comments that the two no longer have a relationship as Bruce and Selina.

However, "Hush" sees Batman and Catwoman allied against the entire rogues gallery and rekindling their romantic relationship.

In "'Hush", Batman reveals his true identity to Catwoman. They have a daughter named Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress. Along with Dick Grayson, the Earth-Two Robin , the Huntress takes the role as Gotham's protector once Bruce Wayne retires to become police commissioner, a position he occupies until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman.

Batman and Catwoman are shown having a sexual encounter on the roof of a building in Catwoman vol. The two also have a romantic relationship, in which they are shown having a sexual encounter on a rooftop and sleeping together.

When he does so, she says, "Yes. Towards the end, the story is flash-forwarded to the future, in which Bruce Wayne and Selina Kyle are a married couple in their golden years.

Bruce receives a terminal medical diagnosis, and Selina cares for him until his death. Batman has no inherent superhuman powers; he relies on "his own scientific knowledge, detective skills, and athletic prowess".

In the stories, Batman is regarded as one of the world's greatest detectives, if not the world's greatest crime solver.

Doomed story arc, Superman considers Batman to be one of the most brilliant minds on the planet. Batman has trained extensively in various martial arts, mastering many different types, making him one of the best hand-to-hand fighters in the DC Universe.

Superman describes Batman as "the most dangerous man on Earth", able to defeat an entire team of superpowered extraterrestrials by himself in order to rescue his imprisoned teammates in Grant Morrison's first storyline in JLA.

Batman is strongly disciplined, and he has the ability to function under great physical pain and resist most forms of telepathy and mind control.

He is a master of disguise , multilingual, and an expert in espionage , often gathering information under the identity of a notorious gangster named Matches Malone.

Batman is highly skilled in stealth movement and escapology , which allows him to appear and disappear at will and to break free of nearly inescapable deathtraps with little to no harm.

Batman is an expert in interrogation techniques and his intimidating and frightening appearance alone is often all that is needed in getting information from suspects.

Despite having the potential to harm his enemies, Batman's most defining characteristic is his strong commitment to justice and his reluctance to take a life.

This unyielding moral rectitude has earned him the respect of several heroes in the DC Universe, most notably that of Superman and Wonder Woman.

Among physical and other crime fighting related training, he is also proficient at other types of skills. Some of these include being a licensed pilot in order to operate the Batplane , as well as being able to operate other types of machinery.

In some publications, he underwent some magician training. In the comic, The Many Deaths of the Batman which focused on a former demolitions teacher of Batman who killed Batman's other teachers which included a race car driver, chemist, body builder, and gymnast all of whom were experts in their field.

Batman utilizes a vast arsenal of specialized, high-tech vehicles and gadgets in his war against crime, the designs of which usually share a bat motif.

Batman historian Les Daniels credits Gardner Fox with creating the concept of Batman's arsenal with the introduction of the utility belt in Detective Comics 29 July and the first bat-themed weapons the batarang and the "Batgyro" in Detective Comics 31 and 32 Sept.

Batman's body armored costume incorporates the imagery of a bat in order to frighten criminals. Finger and Kane originally conceptualized Batman as having a black cape and cowl and grey suit, but conventions in coloring called for black to be highlighted with blue.

In the Tim Burton 's Batman and Batman Returns films, Batman has been depicted as completely black with a bat in the middle surrounded by a yellow background.

Christopher Nolan 's The Dark Knight Trilogy depicted Batman wearing high-tech gear painted completely black with a black bat in the middle.

Ben Affleck 's Batman in the DC Extended Universe films wears a suit grey in color with a black cowl, cape, and bat symbol.

Batman's batsuit aids in his combat against enemies, having the properties of both Kevlar and Nomex. It protects him from gunfire and other significant impacts.

His gloves typically feature three scallops that protrude from long, gauntlet-like cuffs, although in his earliest appearances he wore short, plain gloves without the scallops.

Dennis O'Neil said, "We now say that Batman has two hundred suits hanging in the Batcave so they don't have to look the same Everybody loves to draw Batman, and everybody wants to put their own spin on it.

Batman's primary vehicle is the Batmobile , which is usually depicted as an imposing black car, often with tailfins that suggest a bat's wings.

Batman also has an aircraft called the Batplane later called the "Batwing" , along with various other means of transportation.

In proper practice, the "bat" prefix as in Batmobile or batarang is rarely used by Batman himself when referring to his equipment, particularly after some portrayals primarily the s Batman live-action television show and the Super Friends animated series stretched the practice to campy proportions.

For example, the s television show depicted a Batboat , Bat-Sub , and Batcycle , among other bat-themed vehicles. The s television series Batman has an arsenal that includes such "bat-" names as the bat-computer, bat-scanner, bat-radar, bat-cuffs, bat-pontoons, bat-drinking water dispenser, bat-camera with polarized bat-filter, bat- shark repellent bat-spray, and bat-rope.

The storyline "A Death in the Family" suggests that given Batman's grim nature, he is unlikely to have adopted the "bat" prefix on his own.

In The Dark Knight Returns , Batman tells Carrie Kelley that the original Robin came up with the name "Batmobile" when he was young, since that is what a kid would call Batman's vehicle.

The Batmobile was redesigned in when DC Comics relaunched its entire line of comic books, with the batmobile being given heavier armor and new aesthetics.

Batman keeps most of his field equipment in his utility belt. Over the years it has shown to contain an assortment of crime-fighting tools, weapons, and investigative and technological instruments.

Different versions of the belt have these items stored in compartments, often as pouches or hard cylinders attached evenly around it.

Batman is often depicted as carrying a projectile which shoots a retractable grappling hook attached to a cable.

This allows him to attach to distant objects, be propelled into the air, and thus swing from the rooftops of Gotham City.

An exception to the range of Batman's equipment are guns , which he refuses to use on principle, since a gun was used in his parents' murder.

When Batman is needed, the Gotham City police activate a searchlight with a bat-shaped insignia over the lens called the Bat-Signal, which shines into the night sky, creating a bat-symbol on a passing cloud which can be seen from any point in Gotham.

The origin of the signal varies, depending on the continuity and medium. In various incarnations, most notably the s Batman TV series , Commissioner Gordon also has a dedicated phone line, dubbed the Bat-Phone, connected to a bright red telephone in the TV series which sits on a wooden base and has a transparent top.

The line connects directly to Batman's residence, Wayne Manor , specifically both to a similar phone sitting on the desk in Bruce Wayne's study and the extension phone in the Batcave.

The Batcave is Batman's secret headquarters, consisting of a series of subterranean caves beneath his mansion, Wayne Manor.

As his command center, the Batcave serves multiple purposes; supercomputer, surveillance, redundant power-generators, forensics lab, medical infirmary, private study, training dojo, fabrication workshop, arsenal, hangar and garage.

It houses the vehicles and equipment Batman uses in his campaign to fight crime. It is also a trophy room and storage facility for Batman's unique memorabilia collected over the years from various cases he has worked on.

In both the comic Batman: Shadow of the Bat 45 and the film Batman Begins , the cave is said to have been part of the Underground Railroad. Batman's history has undergone many retroactive continuity revisions, both minor and major.

Elements of the character's history have varied greatly. Scholars William Uricchio and Roberta E. Pearson noted in the early s, "Unlike some fictional characters, the Batman has no primary urtext set in a specific period, but has rather existed in a plethora of equally valid texts constantly appearing over more than five decades.

The central fixed event in the Batman stories is the character's origin story. Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha , murdered with a gun by a mugger named Joe Chill.

Batman refuses to utilize any sort of gun on the principle that a gun was used to murder his parents.

This event drove him to train his body to its peak condition and fight crime in Gotham City as Batman. Pearson and Uricchio also noted beyond the origin story and such events as the introduction of Robin, "Until recently, the fixed and accruing and hence, canonized, events have been few in number", [84] a situation altered by an increased effort by later Batman editors such as Dennis O'Neil to ensure consistency and continuity between stories.

In Batman's first appearance in Detective Comics 27, he is already operating as a crime-fighter. As these comics state, Bruce Wayne is born to Dr.

Thomas Wayne and his wife Martha, two very wealthy and charitable Gotham City socialites.

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